KOBANI– The road between Aleppo and Qamishlo is considered the lifeline of the Syrian north, the second longest road in Syria and the safest road in the midst of Syria’s bitter war.
History carries with it wars that swept through the Middle East, the bloodiest of which was to control the commercial routes that were vital for those peoples.
In Syria, during the war that has erupted on every inch of its territory, roads have been the most important objective of the fighting forces on the ground. The road is the most important for the forces to transport ammunition and weapons, and then the roads become commercial and traffic routes that connect cities, towns and villages together.
International roads in Syria
The international road connecting the major cities of Syria, Damascus and Aleppo, which was the way of paradise for the Syrians after 6 years of fighting in the cities and towns on the outskirts of this road, is locally called now the “hell” road!
Syria has two international routes, one linking the capital Damascus to Aleppo in the north, through the cities of Homs and Hama, and the other connecting the capital city of Lattakia on the Mediterranean Sea, but recently, after the destruction these roads, they have become the worst roads in Syria at all, as well as sniping operations targeting pedestrians, carried out by many factions that control these roads.
Aleppo- Al-Jazeera road; the second longest road in Syria
However, the artery of life in Syria and the commercial artery known as al-Jazeera-Aleppo, or locally known as the Rodco route, was the safe route for the Syrians, starting in June 2015, when the People’s and Women’s Protection Units (YPJ and YPJ) liberated the second most important trade route in Syria from IS mercenaries during the Martyr Robar campaign.
The road was built in 1981. The road runs from Aleppo city in the west to the city center of Qamishlo in the east. It is about 410 km long. The road width varies from one area to another. It is 12-18m. It is also the second longest road in Syria. After the highway that connects Aleppo city crossing Nasib in the far south of Syria.
The first official flight in north Syria after the battles
In June of last year, the Department of Transport in the Cizîre canton ran the first land journey, from Qamishlo through Manbij, Aleppo, Homs to Damascus city, after confirming the safety of the road and announcing the first official trip after several years, during a meeting held between the Department of Transport in the municipalities and Environment Authority and the Pullman companies in coordination with the Interior Body.
Today, the road is the main artery of north Syria, for both commerce and travel. Hundreds of buses pass through cities in north Syria, in addition to truckloads of food, industrial tools, household items, building materials, cars and livestock.
On the sides of the road are shops, recreation areas and shops selling fresh fish near the Euphrates River south of Kobani canton.
Asayîş checkpoints and security forces are deployed on the road to maintain the road from sudden attacks, where IS mercenaries have previously infiltrated.
Who controls the road?
The mercenaries of the Turkish occupation army occupy a distance of 24 km from the road, from the village of Karija near the town of Arima, to the village of Abu al-Zindin, while the control of the Syrian regime on the rest of the road to Aleppo, which is 25 kilometers, while the length of the road that falls under the control of the Syrian Democratic Forces is 360 km.
According to data from the center of “bridges” of studies, the total length of the main roads in Syria is equal to 8747 km, and more than 24 thousand kilometers of secondary roads.