QAMIŞLO- Arab Shah is the oldest village that was known during Alyan area’s history, its name is composed of Persian and Arabic and its identity is Kurdish originally. It was exposed to Persianization and Arabization, but it preserved its Kurdish identity, and its inhabitants are still living there.
Arab Shah village is considered the oldest village in Alyan area, and it is located northeast of Çil Agha town and is 15 km away from it. It is said that its name was “Shah” during the Persian occupation era of the area (Sassanian state era), and after the Islamic Conquer, it was named by Arab Shah as the village was exposed to Arabization and Periodization, and in spite of that, it preserved its Kurdish identity.
Although certain proofs are absent about the origins of the name, or that the village goes back to the Sassanian covenant, Arab Shah village was built again 400 years ago by a person called Ahmad Mirza whose grandsons are still living in the village.
According to the old people, Ahmad Mirza is the 7th grandfather of the current people of the village, and people from Bakur Kurdistan “North Kurdistan” came to the village after conflicts, and headed towards the area where Arab Shah village is located, and built it again.
Hussein Abdi Ahmad from Arab Shah village whose age exceeded 90 still remembers the names of his seven grandfathers reaching Ahmad Mirza.
Hussein Abdi Ahmad said that a rich river was going through the village flowing from the Mount Elam in Rojhilat Kurdistan, and it was supported by the springs of the near Atabeh, Shitkeh and Khashineh villages to form a rich river. The people were using the boats to cross the river, and they benefited from it in agriculture.
In the north of the village, there are the remnants of an ancient building, and the people said that they are the remnants of a palace’s bases that goes back to the Sassanian era. There are also the remnants of a mill that was used in grinding the grains.
Arab Shah village’s inhabitants are still inside in spite of the dryness of most of the rivers and springs, and 47 families live there. The village’s population is 250 at the moment, and they depend on the rain-dependent agriculture in the seasons of rain as a source of living.