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July 19th Revolution, a start to build federal, democratic Syria

DOSSIER

NOURSHAN IBRAHIM

NEWS DESK– July 19th Revolution which spark started in Kobanî in 2012, soon echoing in the region and the world, has achieved during 5 years considerable victories on the military, political, and social levels, achieving unique progress in the domain of leading the community towards democracy and federalism which is perceived by observers as the best solution not only to Syria, but also to the stalemate in the Middle East’s communities.DOSIYA-LI-SER-19-TIRMEHE1 ‫(1)‬ ‫‬

Rojava’s components of Kurds, Arabs, Syriac, Assyrian, Caldean, Turkmen, Circassian have partook Rojava Revolution which broke out in July 19th, those components hand in hand have established a democratic, cooperative system aiming to find a solution to the obstacles by the hegemonic powers and the capitalist regimes and the nationalist states.

Due to the oppression and despotism Arab peoples in the Middle East lived under, in 2011, the spark of the Arab Spring broke out from Tunis, reaching then Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Yemen, Bahrian and Daraa revolting on the dictatorial, chauvinist Baathist regime since it took hold of the country including Rojava area.

The Syrian Revolution derailing its track due to external interferences which aimed at undermining the revolution and overthrowing the Baathist regime.

The situation reaching this point, to protect Rojava areas in 2012, Kobanî was liberated from the Baathist regime, soon after, the July 19th Revolution overwhelmed Rojava cities and developments began on the organizational sides and institutions were opened.

on the military level, the victories were more remarkable in Rojava areas; People Protection Units, Women Protection Units (YPG, YPJ) were announced in July 19th, 2012 in a statement by YPG and YPJ which enjoyed a wide popularity in the area due to the victories they achieved. In July 24, 2012, Asayîş Forces were formed then Society Protection Units(HPC), Self-Defense Duty, and Syrian Democratic Forces were formed in October 10, 2015 comprising many forces like Manbij, al-Bab, Jarablus, Deir ez-Zor, and now al-Raqqa Military Councils.

The revolution’s spark starting from Kobanî

In 2011, secret preparations were made to organize people, protection committees and councils were formed, one of the protestors in Kobanî at that time Sadiq Aldmir said “since we took to streets in protests, we have always adopted the third line though people were not much convinced of it, our protests marched in side streets, on the main streets other protestors suddenly appeared as Coordinations much bigger in number, still we insisted on protesting till we reach the main streets in the city”.

People though having no material possibilities in hand, they were in high spirits and worked day and night.

Kobanî canton’s head of Defense Body Ismet Sheikh hasan remembers those days saying” first of all, we started by taking control of the city entrances, and people began establishing checkpoints on roads standing for 5 hours though they had not but light arms”.

Simultaneously, people took to forming councils and courts, Ahmad Sheikh, TEV-DEM’s Co-chair said” in January 13, 2012, we formed the first council in Kobanî, which is considered a victory to Kobanî people, hygiene, protection, and training committees were also established despite the poor possibilities, but our feeling that oppression and despotism against us as Kurds have been eliminated motivated us to go on even stronger”.

With this spirit people managed to kick the Baathist regime out of the city and took to organizing themselves and Society Protection Units were formed to protect the city from any danger. On that historic day, July 19th Revolution’s spark spread to other Rojava lands, and TEV-DEM’s flags were raised over all government’s headquarters within Kobanî and its villages.

July 19th victories over 5 years in Kobanî

July 19th Revolution’s achieved many victories on the military, political, and social domains in Rojava areas, but Kobanî victories were different as it were the spring of Rojava revolution, in addition, Kobanî also faced many attacks by the mercenaries the last of which was IS, still, people managed to organize themselves.

On the military level, a military force of 13 members was formed, after July 19th, its members number reached 200 with light arms, nowadays, the result is a huge force of YPG, YPJ, SDF, HPC, Asayîş, and Self-Defense Forces where thousands of fighters joined, and 5 YPG, YPJ regiments have been formed in the canton.

Mercenary gangs supported by regional states particularly Turkey perceiving this state, Kobanî was frequently attacked; in the beginning of 2013, from Girê Sipî( Tel Abyad) attacks were launched, YPG, YPJ fighters managed to repel the attack, the second was in July 2, 2014, the third attack was in August 15, 2014, all these attacks have been foiled by the fighters and Kobanî people’s resistance.

Impelled by their grudge towards Kobanî, the castle of resistance, IS mercenaries launched an attack on Kobanî people targeting civilians in the first place, and committed a hideous crime in Kobanî and Berx Batan village in June 25, 2015 leaving 253 martyrs.

On the social and regulatory level

After July 19th Revolution and its victories in Rojava and north Syria, the main base of the federal project in north Syria has been put starting from Kobanî; communes, villages and neighborhoods’ councils, protection, hygiene, training, and economic committees were formed thus establishing the corner stone of the federal project and its implementation on the ground.

On the medical side, Heath Body opened many hospitals to treat the sick from Kobanî, and its villages, Tel Abyad, and Manbij, including 4 major hospitals in the city, the Kurdish Red Crescent’s dispensary and other many medical points in the neighborhoods, in Sareen town, there is a free hospital to treat the sick.

Schools, institutes and academies opened

The second school of Kurdish language on Rojava level was opened in Kobanî canton before July 19th, but now the Pedagogy Body, Pedagogy Committee for Democratic community, and the Teachers’ Union.

Schools in Kobanî make up around 1,000 with 4,000 teachers, the number of students after July 19th Revolution is 90,000 students of different levels.

J.O

ANHA